History of robotics in Finnish schools
Robotics and coding are not new in Finnish schools. In the 1990’s robotics (e.g. graphical programming with LEGO LOGO) was a part of the technology education provided by some of the K12-schools in Finland. The organizing principle during this time was revolved around projects where universities, schools and sometimes also industry collaborated like for example the HAITEK-project, which highlighted problem based learning (PBL), constructivism and student orientated technology education. HAITEK-project was designed to introduce both local industry and coding/robotics to students with visits to factories followed with modeling production lines with LEGO LOGO. Despite the efforts in these projects, robotics/coding never experienced a more nationwide uptake, neither in practice nor in policy. As a matter of fact, coding/robotics are not part of the current national curriculum (implemented in 2004) and it does not include references to or from these projects. In the absence of reference in the formal curriculum, the current general situation has been that robotics and coding have been taught by active teachers who are interested in robotics mostly in after school activities, resulting in a situation that currently there are great differences between schools and districts when it comes to teaching coding and robotics.